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                        2019天津教师招聘:英语教学中涉及到的教学策略

                        2019-05-25 14:34:18| 中公教育

                        【导读】天津中公教育教师招聘网助力各位考生顺利通过教师招聘考试!

                        点击进入:2019天津教招课程5月教招汇总

                        新课改的教学观指出:教学由以前的“教给学生知识”转变为“教会学生学习”。由此可见,教会学生怎样学习,如何学会思考已成为目前教育界许多研究者所关注的焦点,从而学习策略的研究也就成为了教育界所关注的问题。尤其是在教师考试面试中,不管是试讲还是说课,都强调在教学中要融入学习方法和学习策略。

                        教育部制定的《全日制义务教育英语课程标准(实验)解读》将“学习策略”定义为“是对学习方法的选择和使用”或“是对学习方法的认识和理解”。而在《高中英语课程标准》中将“学习策略”定义为“学生为了更有效的学习和使用外语而采取的各种行动和步骤”。为了让大家能在英语面试中灵活地应用教学策略,给大家整理如下:

                        Listening strategies:

                        1、Prediction:

                        l Before you listen, read the questions carefully.

                        l Try to think of possible answers.

                        l Use your general knowledge to think of possible answers.

                        2、Getting prepared for listening

                        l Before listening, make sure you understand the task.

                        l If possible, try to guess the answer.

                        3、 Listening for understanding the general idea

                        l Don’t worry if you can’t understand everything.

                        l Listen for important words and phrases to help you answer the questions.

                        l Try to link words to topics.

                        l When you listen the first time, don’t panic! You will not understand everything--just try to get the general idea and take notes.

                        l The second time you listen, listen carefully and try to note down the answers.

                        l Listen more than once, if possible.

                        4、Listening for specific information

                        l Make sure you know what you have to do. E.g. Complete a table, fill in the blanks.

                        l As you listen, make notes and use abbreviations, e.g. Poll.(=pollution), O-F.(=over-fishing).

                        l Use the headings or topics from the table to help you while you are listening.

                        l If you miss some information, write a question mark to remind you to listen especially carefully the second time.

                        Reading strategies:

                        1、Prediction:

                        l Before you read a text, look at the title, photographs and drawings.

                        l Read the first two or three lines of the text.

                        l Try to guess what the text is going to be about.

                        2、Working out meaning

                        l Find the word in the text.

                        l Is the word a noun, verb, adjective,etc?

                        l Think about the context.

                        3、Multiple-choice questions

                        l Read the question and answers.

                        l Try to guess the correct answer.

                        l Find the place in the text where you think the answer is.

                        l Read the text and check your answer.

                        l Make sure the other two answers are not possible.

                        4、Self-assessment

                        l After you read, think about how difficult the text was for you to understand.(e.g. Quiet difficult because of a lot of new words)

                        l Think about how difficult the tasks were for you.

                        l List the strategies you used to help you. (E.g. Using the picture to predict answers, guessing multiple-choice questions, working out meaning of words.)

                        5、Making contextual connections

                        l Read the whole text to get the general idea.

                        l Look at the missing sentences and read the paragraphs with gaps in detail.

                        l Choose the missing sentence, a) to e), from the list. Make sure the topic of the sentence matches the topic of the paragraph.

                        l Make sure that the sentence fits in with the sentences before and after it. Look for time references, pronoun references or contrasting ideas.

                        6、Matching topics/paragraphs

                        l Read each paragraph carefully.

                        l Pay attention to the first sentence of each paragraph as it often introduces the main idea.

                        l Identify 3-5 of the most important words and underline them with a pencil.

                        l Look at the list of topics and match them to the paragraphs.

                        l Check that the extra topic does not match any of the paragraphs.

                        Speaking strategies:

                        1、group work

                        l Always try to speak in English.

                        l Don’t interrupt other people.

                        l Respect other people’s ideas.

                        l Choose a secretary to make notes of your group’s decisions.

                        2、Preparation for discussion

                        l Make notes about your opinions.

                        l Think of reason to support your opinions.

                        l Practice saying your opinions.

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